- Conducting archaeological explorations and excavations
- Maintenance, conservation and preservation of protected monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance
- Setting up and re-organization of Site Museums
- Bringing out Archaeological Publications
- Horticulture operation in and around ancient monuments and sites
- Implementation and regulation of The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 and
Antiquities and Art Treasures Act, 1972, etc.